Wednesday, July 14, 2010

Lichenaula onychotypa

Lichenaula onychotypa Turner, 1939


Lichenaula onychotypa Turner, 1939. A second revision of the Lepidoptera of Tasmania. Papers and Proceedings of The Royal Society of Tasmania, 1938: 57–115 [85]. Holotype ANIC ♂, Hobart, Tas.
Lichenaula onychotypa Turner, 1939. Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [88].
Xylorycta onychotypa Turner, 1939. Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. [accessed 23 April 2010].
Lichenaula onychotypa Turner, 1939. Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. [accessed 18 June 2010].

Original description, Turner 1939
Lichenaula onychotypa, n. sp.
ονυχοτυπος, claw-marked.
♂. 20 mm. Head, white. Palpi with second joint not reaching base of antennae, terminal joint 2/3, white. Antennae, grey, towards base white; ciliations in male (1). Thorax, white; apices of tegulae and a posterior spot, fuscous. Legs, white; anterior pair, fuscous; middle tibiae and tarsi with fuscous rings. Forewings, sub-oblong; costa, moderately arched; apex, rounded; termen obliquely rounded; white heavily sprinkled with fuscous; markings, fuscous; an oblique, slightly curved line from beneath costa near base to near base of dorsum; a small dorsal suffusion, from middle of . which a stout inwardly oblique line runs halfway across disc; an ill-defined fascia from midcosta to tornus; an erect line from tornus joining an elongate subapical costal spot, the posterior edge of which is again connected with tornus; a broad submarginal line from apex not reaching tornus; cilia, white with two interrupted fuscous lines. Hind wings, 1 ¼; whitish; extreme apex slightly suffused with grey; cilia. whitish, on apex, grey.
Hobart, in January; one specimen.

Food plants:
Flight period: January.
Distribution: Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).