Tuesday, July 20, 2010

Lichenaula fumata

Lichenaula fumata Turner, 1898


Lichenaula fumata Turner, 1898. The Xyloryctidae of Queensland. Annals of the Queensland Museum 4: 1–32 [17]. Syntype(s) SAMA 3♂♀, Charters Towers and Brisbane, Qld.
Lichenaula fumata Turner, 1898. Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [87].
Xylorycta fumata (Turner, 1898). Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 23 April 2010].
Lichenaula fumata Turner, 1898. Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 18 June 2010].

Original description, Turner 1898
Lichenaula fumata, n. sp. Male, 25·28 mm; antennal ciliations, 1 ½ - 2; forewings with vein 7 to hindmargin. Head fuscous more or less irrorated with whitish scales. Face and palpi whitish. Antennae  fuscous or whitish. Thorax dark fuscous irrorated with whitish scales. Abdomen robust; grey. Legs grey-whitish; anterior tibiae and tarsi infuscated. Forewings somewhat dilated posteriorly, costa moderately arched, apex round-pointed, hindmargin obliquely rounded; pale fuscous confusedly irrorated with blackish-fuscous, and sometimes also with white scales; a blackish-fuscous crescentic mark in disc at 3/5; cilia fuscous, sometimes with a darker median line. Hindwings  grey-whitish, fuscous tinged towards hindmargin; cilia grey-whitish, with a fuscous line at 2/3.
To this species I refer two specimens, male and female, taken by Mr Dodd, at Charters Towers, in which the forewings are without white irroration, and a brighter-coloured male taken by Mr. Illidge in Brisbane.
The former came from larvae found on a species of Grevillea (?).

Food plants: Larval foodplant: Grevillea? sp. (Proteaceae). (Edwards, 2003).
Flight period:
Distribution: Queensland. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).