Wednesday, June 30, 2010

Xylorycta synaula

Xylorycta synaula Meyrick, 1890.

♂ - SA, Goolwa, 11. Mar. 1964, J.O. Wilson leg. (ANIC). [AMO].

♀ - WA, Murchison River, 27. May. 1972, M.S. Upton. leg. (ANIC) [AMO].

Xylorycta synaula Meyrick, 1890. Descriptions of Australian Lepidoptera. Part I. Xyloryctidae. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia  13: 23–81 [59]. Syntype(s) BMNH 2♂♀, Ardrossan and Victor Harbor, SA.
Xylorycta synaula Meyr. Beutenmüller, 1901, Catalogue of the Described Transformations of Australian Lepidoptera, Journal of the New York Entomological Society, IX, 4, 148-177 [176].
Xylorycta synaula Meyr. Lower, 1902, Descriptions of new genera and species of Australian Lepidoptera. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 26: 212–247 [237].
 Xylorycta synaula Meyrick, 1890. Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [89].
Xylorycta synaula Meyrick, 1890. Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. [accessed 8 May 2010].
Xylorycta synaula Meyrick, 1890. Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. [accessed 19 June 2010].

Original description, Meyrick 1890
Xyl. synaula, n. sp.
Both sexes 26-30 mm. Head light ochreous-orange, face suffused with white. Palpi white, second joint suffused in male with blackish, in female with light ochreous-orange towards apex beneath, anterior edge of terminal joint dark fuscous. Antennae grey. Thorax ochreous-brown, patagia except base, and a central stripe white. Abdomen whitish-ochreous. Legs rather dark fuscous, hairs of posterior tibiae white. Forewings elongate, moderate, costa gently arched; apex round pointed, hindmargin oblique, slightly rounded; silvery-white; costal edge very slenderly black towards base, yellowish-ochreous beyond middle; markings ochreous-brown; a moderate almost straight streak above middle from base to apex; a similar slightly sinuate streak from base to anal angle; a slender streak along inner margin from before middle to anal angle: cilia white, basal half at apex and towards anal angle ochreous-yellow. Hindwings light grey, more whitish-tinged towards base; cilia ochreous-white, in female with a grey line.
Ardrossan and Victor Harbor; South Australia; two specimens.
Mr. E. Guest has bred this species from the larva, which feeds in long galleries of silk and refuse among the twigs and thorns of a species of Hakea.

Other references

Xylorycta synaula Meyr.
1890 — Larva (brief). E. Meyrick. Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Austr., p. 59.
Food-plants : Hakea. (Beutenmüller, 1901).

[Xylorycta stereodesma] Probably nearest synaula, Meyr. (Lower 1902).

Food plants: Larva in tube of silk and frass in leaves. Larval foodplant: Hakea sp. (Proteaceae). (Edwards, 2003).
Flight period:
Distribution: South Australia, Western Australia. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).