Wednesday, June 30, 2010

Xylorycta melanula

Xylorycta melanula (Meyrick, 1890)


Telecrates melanula Meyrick, 1890, Descriptions of Australian Lepidoptera. Part I. Xyloryctidae. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia  13: 23–81 [62]. Syntype(s) BMNH 2♂♀, Sydney, NSW.
Xylorycta melanula (Meyrick, 1890). Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [89].
Telecrates melanula Meyrick, 1890. Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. [accessed 6 May 2010].
Xylorycta melanula (Meyrick, 1890). Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. [accessed 19 June 2010].

Original description, Meyrick 1890
Tel. melanula, n. sp.
Both sexes 21-24mm. Head, antennae, and thorax light ashy-fuscous, patagia dark fuscous. Palpi fuscous-whitish, irrorated with dark fuscous. Abdomen fuscous-whitish, segments with sharply-marked rather broad dull red median transverse bars. Legs whitish, irrorated with fuscous, anterior pair suffused with dark fuscous. Forewings elongate, moderate, costa moderately arched, apex obtuse, hindmargin straight, somewhat oblique; fuscous, lighter anteriorly, posteriorly slightly reddish-tinged; dorsal half suffused with ashy-grey, except an indistinct cloudy spot towards fold beyond middle; extreme costal edge whitish from 2/4 to 4/5; a thick dark fuscous streak beneath submedian fold from base to 1/3; a whitish dot in disc at 2/3; cilia fuscous. Hindwings with veins 6 and 7 from a point; fuscous-grey; cilia fuscous-whitish, with two faint cloudy darker lines.
Sydney, New South Wales, in December; two specimens received from Mr. G. H. Raynor.
Food plants:
Flight period: December.
Distribution: New South Wales. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).