Wednesday, August 18, 2010

Cryptophasa sarcinota

Cryptophasa sarcinota (Meyrick, 1890)

- Qld, Injune, 2. Oct. 1931, W.B. Barnard leg. (ANIC). [AMO].

- Qld, Injune, 12. Nov. 1931, W.B. Barnard leg. (ANIC). [AMO].

Cryptophaga sarcinota Meyrick, 1890. Descriptions of Australian Lepidoptera. Part I. Xyloryctidae. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia  13: 23–81 [37]. Syntype(s) BMNH number unknown ♂♀, Duaringa, Qld.
Cryptophaga sarcinota Meyr. Lower, 1892. Descriptions of New South Australian Lepidoptera. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia  15: 5–17 [15].
Cryptophaga sarcinota Meyr. Turner, 1898. The Xyloryctidae of Queensland. Annals of the Queensland Museum 4: 1–32 [8].
Cryptophaga sarcinota Meyr. Lower, 1901.  Descriptions of new genera and species of Australian Lepidoptera. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 25: 63-98 [82].
Cryptophaga sarcinota Meyr. Lower, 1905, New Australian Lepidoptera, No. XXII. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 29: 103-115 (110).
Cryptophasa sarcinota. Turner, 1917. Lepidopterological gleanings. Proc. R. Soc. Qd 29: 70–106 [92].
Cryptophasa sarcinota (Meyrick, 1890). Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [87].
Cryptophasa sarcinota (Meyrick, 1890). Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. [accessed 17 April 2010].
Cryptophasa sarcinota (Meyrick, 1890). Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. [accessed 18 June 2010].

Original description, Meyrick 1890
Crypt. sarcinota, n. sp.
Both sexes 35-53mm. Head and thorax whitish-ochreous. Palpi white, second joint dark fuscous above towards base. Antennae in male fuscous, in female whitish. Abdomen blackish, sides and segmental margins ochreous-whitish, basal and apical segments pale whitish-ochreous, second segment orange-red above. Legs ochreous-whitish, tarsal joints black towards base. Forewings oblong, posteriorly slightly dilated, costa slightly arched, apex obtuse, hindmargin straight, rather oblique; 2 from 4/5; pale greyish-ochreous, brownish-tinged; a large black dot in disc at 1/3, a second on fold beneath middle, and two others transversely obliquely placed, and sometimes connected by a fine line in disc at 3/5, lower anterior; a row of black dots along hindmargin and apical half of costa: cilia pale greyish-ochreous, basal half barred with blackish on hindmarginal dots. Hindwings with veins 6 and 7 from a point or short-stalked; fuscous, tinged with blackish towards basal third, base with ochreous-whitish hairs; cilia whitish-fuscous, with a blackish-grey line near base, in female on upper half of hindmargin reduced to a row of dots.
Duaringa, Queensland; several specimens received from Mr. G. Barnard.

Other references

[Cryptophaga ochroleuca] Between lurida, Meyr., and sarcinota, Meyr.; differs from the former chiefly by the absence of the spots on cilia of forewings, and from the latter by the different ground-colour and other minor points. (Lower, 1892).

[Cryptophasa acroleuca = balteata] Closely allied to C. sarcinota, Meyr., but appears a good species. The male is very different in general appearance. The female may be  best distinguished by the whitish apices of the hindwings. (Turner, 1898).

[Cryptophasa hyalinopa] Nearest balteata, Walk., but very distinct by the curious semi-hyaline hindwings. I received this species from the late Mr. G. Barnard as sarcinota, Meyr., but having now received that species I find that there is a very great difference between the two. (Lower, 1901).

[Cryptophasa aglaodes] Male, 38 mm. I have received from Mr. S. Angel the male of this species. In colour and markings it does not differ from the female; the antennal pectinations are about 1 ½; this is a similar character to that observed in sarcinota, Meyr. (to which this species is mostly allied), but is easily separated from that species by the totally different colouring, shorter terminal joint of palpi, and absence of double black dot on forewing, which is conspicuous in sarcinota. (Lower, 1905).

[Cryptophasa catharia] One of the sarcinota group. (Turner, 1917).

Food plants: Larva boring in stem. Larval foodplant: Eucalyptus sp. (Myrtaceae). (Edwards, 2003).
Flight period: October, November.
Distribution: Queensland. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).