Wednesday, July 21, 2010

Lichenaula arisema


Lichenaula arisema Meyrick, 1890


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Lichenaula arisema Meyrick, 1890, Descriptions of Australian Lepidoptera. Part I. Xyloryctidae. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia  13: 23–81 [48]. Syntype(s) BMNH 3♂♀, Sydney, NSW; Mt Lofty, SA.
Lichenaula arisema Meyr. Lower, 1896: A catalogue of Victorian Heterocera. Part xix. The Victorian Naturalist, 12: 149-152 [150].
Lichenaula arisema Meyr. Turner, 1898. The Xyloryctidae of Queensland. Annals of the Queensland Museum 4: 1–32 [20].
Lichenaula arisema Meyrick, 1890. Common, in Nielsen, Edwards, & Rangsi, 1996, Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, 4: i-xiv, 1-529 & CD-ROM [87].
Xylorycta arisema (Meyrick, 1890). Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex [accessed 23 April 2010].
Lichenaula arisema Meyrick, 1890. Edwards, E. D. (2003), Xyloryctinae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/XYLORYCTINAE [accessed 18 June 2010].

Original description, Meyrick 1890
Lich arisema, n. sp.
Both sexes 13-16 mm. Head white, crown blackish-fuscous. Palpi white, base dark fuscous. Antennae white, annulated with dark fuscous, ciliations in male 1/2.  Thorax white, sometimes yellowish- tinged, posterior extremity dark fuscous. Abdomen dark-grey, sides and apex whitish-yellowish. Legs whitish, anterior and middle pair banded with dark fuscous. Forewings elongate, costa gently arched, apex tolerably rounded, hindmargin obliquely rounded; 7 to hindmargin; whitish-ochreous or white; three moderately broad nearly straight blackish· fuscous fasciae; first almost basal; second slightly curved, from middle of costa to beyond middle of inner margin, posterior edge sometimes with a short central projection; third hindmarginal, extending from apex almost to anal angle, narrowed to a point beneath, anterior edge sometimes angulated so as almost to touch preceding fascia in middle: cilia whitish-yellowish, with a, dark fuscous line, sometimes somewhat mixed with dark fuscous except on anal angle. Hindwings, dark-grey; cilia whitish-yellowish, sometimes with a grey line.
Sydney, New South Wales; Mount Lofty, South Australia; three specimens in November and December.

Other references

L. arisema, Meyr. (Tr. Roy. Soc, S.A., 48, 1889).
Gisborne, Hamilton. (Lower, 1896).

Lichenaula arisema, Meyr. Meyrick, 48.
near Brisbane: one specimen on New Year's Day. (Turner, 1898).

Diagnosis:
Description:
Head:
Thorax:
Abdomen:
Food plants:
Flight period: November, December.
Distribution: New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria. Endemic. (Edwards, 2003).

Remarks: Possibly the same species as Telecrates melanochrysa (Turner, 1939).



"Lichenaula sp. nr. arisema"


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Differs in that the ground colour of the wings is whitish, not yellow. This may simply be a colour variation of Lichenaula arisema.